What is hybrid marijuana, and how to recognize this variety?

What is hybrid cannabis and how to recognise it?

Hybrid marijuana: a guide to discovering this strain

What is hybrid marijuana?

If you have decided to open this article, you too have this curiosity and would like to know more about it.

Intending to provide more clarity, in this guide, we have compiled all the salient information about hybrid cannabis, its uses and benefits, and its possible side effects.

Hybrid marijuana

What is hybrid marijuana, and how is it produced?

Hybrid cannabis contains a combination of genes from Sativa and indica varieties.

The distinction between pure indica and pure Sativa strains is meaningless, primarily because it is differentiated mainly by its terpene profile and growth pattern. Consider that most cannabis plants today are hybrids.

These varieties are usually referred to as

  1. Sativa-dominant, which may contain more herbaceous and sweet terpenes such as farnesene and bergamotene;
  2. or indica-dominant, where myrcene, a sedative terpene, is more dominant.

Whether a plant is considered ‘indica-dominant’ or ‘Sativa-dominant’ depends mainly on the origin of the lineage of the specific variety, its morphology and subjective issues such as the taste and aroma of the plant.

There are hundreds of hybrid marijuana varieties, each of which can offer different health benefits depending on their lineage and chemical composition.

But how is it made?

Hybrid cannabis is created by crossing one strain with another (known as a cultivar) and, more specifically, by combining male and female plants of different strains. For example, a cannabis grower may cross a pure indica male with a pure Sativa female to produce a 50/50 hybrid. During the breeding process, the male plant pollinates the female plant, producing seeds for both plants and, therefore, both strains.

The offspring of the crossed male and female plants will display both qualities, although sometimes phenotypes can be obtained that resemble one parent more than the other.

Hybrids often participate in selection programmes to obtain the strongest and most desirable qualities from the parent plants.

Read also: Can cannabis seeds be sprouted? We shed light on the law.

Potential health benefits and uses of hybrid marijuana

Hybrid cannabis offers the same potential health benefits and uses as pure, native cannabis that has not been crossed with another strain.

But let’s take a look at its main uses anyway.

Decreased anxiety and depression

Although this is not true for everyone, some people may be able to reduce mild to moderate feelings of depression and anxiety with cannabis.

In particular, cannabidiol (CBD) has been shown to help manage several disorders, such as:

  • anxiety;
  • panic;
  • social anxiety;
  • post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

But since cannabis does not have the same effects for everyone, it is essential always to consult your doctor to understand the best solution and to rule out the possibility of any interaction between cannabis and drugs.

Improving sleep quality

Some hybrid varieties of cannabis may help with insomnia. As with depression and anxiety, the cannabinoid CBD is particularly beneficial for people trying to sleep better.

Chronic pain relief

Pain relief is one of the most common reasons people use medical marijuana (always under close medical supervision).

Cannabis has been shown to help relieve many types of pain, including muscle, joint and neuropathic pain.

In addition, people with cancer and undergoing chemotherapy may experience severe nerve pain that cannabis may limit. Neuropathic pain is one of the most difficult to treat, which makes a plant-based medicine such as cannabis even more critical.

Reduction of inflammation

Inflammation is a major cause of disease, including debilitating autoimmune conditions such as Crohn’s disease and many types of cancer.

Some studies have found that cannabis could help reduce tumours and eradicate cancer cells. However, further studies will be needed to confirm this thesis.

Cultivation of hybrid marijuana

Hybrid cannabis: Are there side effects?

The side effects of cannabis are generally mild and transient.

Hybrid varieties of cannabis carry the same possible risks as pure Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica, but let us see precisely what they might be:

  • red eyes;
  • dry mouth;
  • paranoia or hallucinations;
  • headaches;
  • nausea;
  • dizziness;
  • fatigue.

These side effects may be more likely if you are new to cannabis or have consumed too much quickly. This is why we repeat it is essential to follow the precise dosage prescribed by your doctor.

Read also: Why is it (never) a good idea to smoke hemp seeds?


In this article, we have looked at what is meant by hybrid marijuana and how it is made. Furthermore, we have taken a general look at the main benefits of this variety and its possible side effects.

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